Within recent decades, stem cell therapy has garnered ongoing attention in the medical field—and for good reason. This regenerative medicine therapy holds tremendous promise, as stem cells have the potential to self-renew and differentiate into virtually any type of specialized cell, thus offering many possibilities for repairing damaged tissue. In particular, people with musculoskeletal injuries may be especially good candidates for the treatment. For many, these types of injuries can lead to persistent symptoms such as ongoing pain and limited mobility.
Research is ongoing, and experts are investigating the best stem cell therapies for treating musculoskeletal tissue degeneration by rejuvenating the damaged tissue. With the abilities of self-renewal and differentiation, stem cells are of particular interest for degenerative conditions such as osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. Typically, adult stem cells from a source such as bone marrow or adipose (fat) are harvested and can be injected in areas of compromised tissue, supporting healing at the site. Other cases may be recommended to use donated umbilical cord tissue (Wharton’s Jelly) stem cells. These mesenchymal stem cells also have immunomodulatory capabilities, meaning they help to regulate the body’s immune response to further support healing.
Oftentimes, the body struggles to repair its own damaged joint tissue, as these areas have limited healing potential. Fortunately, this is precisely where mesenchymal stem cells excel. They can take the form of whichever cell type is necessary, regenerating and repairing damaged tissue to prevent or delay the need for invasive joint replacement procedures. Plus, they drastically reduce the need for recovery time and are versatile enough to be used in conditions of the bone, ligament, and tendons.
In addition to sports injuries, osteoarthritis, and similar musculoskeletal conditions, one other promising application for stem cell therapy is traumatic spinal injuries. These injuries can result in severe neurological damage, and recovery rates are often low. Stem cell therapies could lead to promising outcomes, however. Researchers are hopeful that in using this form of regenerative medicine, they’ll be able to help restore physical function in patients who have experienced serious injuries.
This post was written by a medical professional at Stemedix Inc. At Stemedix we provide access to Regenerative Medicine for back pain, also known as degenerative disc disease. Regenerative medicine has the natural potential to help improve symptoms sometimes lost from the progression of many conditions.